Given the information in the statement, I would call it a “Capital Loss” special. Nothing has been said about what happened to the general level of prices or about the purchasing power of the asset. Without such information, one can say nothing very interesting about the change in the price of one specific asset. It’s certainly possible that the price of an asset (call it shares of Lehman or Enron stock) can fall with or without inflation or deflation. I can’t tell what the purpose of the example is; hence, as Professor Gerard points out, Planet Money needs help.
They may need as much help as the US Senate who rejected Fed Board of Governor’s nominee Peter Diamond because he allegedly was not a macroeconomist.
Ah, those discerning folks who man our legislature.