At the recent Lawrence Scholars in Business banking summit, alumnus Rob Bearman suggested that a young person interested in a career in banking would do well to learn all s/he could about the recent financial crisis. He suggested Andrew Sorkin’s Too Big to Fail as a good start. Another place for a more academic flavor is the recent Journal of Economic Perspectives Symposium on Financial Plumbing.
The list looks like a good place to start an independent study project. I can’t speak for the quality of the articles, except to say that the JEP authors are generally recognized area experts, and the pieces tend to be very readable and heavily documented.